Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Did Biology Emerge from Biotite in Micaceous Clay?

Version 1 : Received: 16 September 2020 / Approved: 17 September 2020 / Online: 17 September 2020 (13:01:15 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 4 November 2020 / Approved: 5 November 2020 / Online: 5 November 2020 (10:43:44 CET)

How to cite: Hansma, H.G. Did Biology Emerge from Biotite in Micaceous Clay? . Preprints 2020, 2020090409 Hansma, H.G. Did Biology Emerge from Biotite in Micaceous Clay? . Preprints 2020, 2020090409

Abstract

This paper presents a hypothesis about the origins of life in a clay mineral, starting with the earliest molecules, continuing through the increasing complexity of the development, in neighboring clay niches, of “Metabolism First,” “RNA World,” and other necessary components of life, to the encapsulation by membranes of the components in the niches, to the interaction and fusion of these membrane-bound protocells, resulting finally in a living cell, capable of reproduction and evolution. Biotite (black mica) in micaceous clay is the proposed site for this origin of life. Mechanical energy of moving biotite sheets provides one endless source of energy. Potassium ions between biotite sheets would be the source of the high intracellular potassium ion concentrations in all living cells.

Supplementary and Associated Material

http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~hhansma/mica.htm: Possible origin of life between mica sheets

Subject Areas

clay; mica; biotite; muscovite; origin of life; abiogenesis; mechanical energy; work; wet-dry

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 5 November 2020
Commenter: Helen Greenwood Hansma
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: -
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.