Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Correlations between CXCL12, CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, and CXCL12 Regulates Cell Invasion and Migration via CXCR4/EAAT1/GS Pathway

Version 1 : Received: 15 September 2020 / Approved: 17 September 2020 / Online: 17 September 2020 (07:29:16 CEST)

How to cite: Li, S.; Li, T.; Lin, Q.; Shi, D.; Zheng, H.; Zhang, J.; Li, H.; Hou, S.; Kadoch, O.; Yang, Y.; Xu, Z. The Correlations between CXCL12, CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, and CXCL12 Regulates Cell Invasion and Migration via CXCR4/EAAT1/GS Pathway. Preprints 2020, 2020090380 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0380.v1). Li, S.; Li, T.; Lin, Q.; Shi, D.; Zheng, H.; Zhang, J.; Li, H.; Hou, S.; Kadoch, O.; Yang, Y.; Xu, Z. The Correlations between CXCL12, CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, and CXCL12 Regulates Cell Invasion and Migration via CXCR4/EAAT1/GS Pathway. Preprints 2020, 2020090380 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0380.v1).

Abstract

Purpose: To elucidate the mechanism of CXCR4/EAAT1/GS pathway in CXCL12 regulating invasion and migration in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Methods: Immunohistochemistry for CXCL12, CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS stainings and correlation analysis between them were conducted in MPM and normal tissues. Western blot and real-time PCR were performed to examine the CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS expression in H2052 cells. Wound healing and transwell assay were applied to determine the cell migration and invasion. MTT was utilized to assess cell viability. Results: CXCL12, CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS were highly expressed in MPM tissues and correlated with each other. CXCL12 upregulated both in protein and mRNA levels of CXCR4, EAAT1 and GS in H2052 cells. The EAAT1 and GS expression upregulated or not by CXCL12 were decreased by CXCR4 and EAAT1 knockdown. CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 and EAAT1 antagonist TFB-TBOA also resulted in the same effects as CXCR4 and EAAT1 knockdown, respectively. CXCL12 promoted cell invasion and migration and increased the Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) mRNA level. CXCR4 and EAAT1 knockdown suppressed all these functions. Furthermore, CXCL12 promoted H2052 cells growth in nude mice, both AMD3100 and TFB-TBOA inhibited this promotion. Conclusions: CXCL12 regulated the invasion and migration through CXCR4/EAAT1/GS pathway in H2052 cells.

Subject Areas

malignant pleural mesothelioma; CXCL12/CXCR4; EAAT1; glutamine synthetase; invasion; migraiton

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