Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Critical Review of Shipbreaking Literature Reveals Shortcomings in Dimensions Considered for Sustainability

Version 1 : Received: 4 September 2020 / Approved: 5 September 2020 / Online: 5 September 2020 (05:47:18 CEST)

How to cite: Rahman, S.M. A Critical Review of Shipbreaking Literature Reveals Shortcomings in Dimensions Considered for Sustainability. Preprints 2020, 2020090121 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0121.v1). Rahman, S.M. A Critical Review of Shipbreaking Literature Reveals Shortcomings in Dimensions Considered for Sustainability. Preprints 2020, 2020090121 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0121.v1).

Abstract

The shipbreaking industry is located predominantly in South Asian countries, and dismantles end-of-life ships to meet national steel demand. There are charges that this industry exploits local environmental, economic and social conditions to boost profits. The majority of this previous research often draws from a single disciplinary point of view that ignores or downplays complexities and trade-offs, precluding realistic policy improvement. Here we review 110 shipbreaking papers published in international peer reviewed journals that are indexed in SCOPUS, Science Direct and Google Scholar. We found that to date, shipbreaking research revolves around the coastal contamination of end-of-life ships waste over many other topics, and lacks critical interdisciplinary studies that explain trade-offs between environmental, social and economic factors that would better inform policy formulations for improvement of worker safety and environmental conditions. We propose a Life Cycle Sustainability assessment (LCSA) framework that could incorporate these trade-offs in a single analysis. We hope this review guides future studies towards more comprehensive sustainability measurement of shipbreaking activities.

Subject Areas

shipbreaking; ship recycling; life cycle sustainability assessment; literature review; sustainability

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