Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genetic Polymorphism of the Mink Astrovirus Isolated in Continental Europe

Version 1 : Received: 31 August 2020 / Approved: 1 September 2020 / Online: 1 September 2020 (11:18:15 CEST)

How to cite: Jakubczak, A.; Kowalczyk, M.; Mazurkiewicz, I.; Kondracki, M. Genetic Polymorphism of the Mink Astrovirus Isolated in Continental Europe. Preprints 2020, 2020090005 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0005.v1). Jakubczak, A.; Kowalczyk, M.; Mazurkiewicz, I.; Kondracki, M. Genetic Polymorphism of the Mink Astrovirus Isolated in Continental Europe. Preprints 2020, 2020090005 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0005.v1).

Abstract

Mink astrovirus infection remains a poorly understood disease entity, and the aetiological agent itself causes disease with a heterogeneous course, including gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms. This paper presents cases of astrovirus infection in mink from continental Europe. RNA was isolated from the brains and intestines of animals showing symptoms typical of shaking mink syndrome (n = 6). RT-PCR was used to detect astrovirus genetic material, and the reaction products were separated on a 1% agarose gel. The specificity of the reaction was confirmed by sequencing all samples. The presence of astrovirus RNA was detected in each of the samples tested. Sequencing and bioinformatic analysis indicated the presence of the same variant of the virus in all samples. Comparison of the variant with the sequences available in bioinformatics databases confirmed that the Polish isolates form a separate clade, closely related to Danish isolates. The similarity of the Polish variant to those isolated in other countries ranged from 2.4% (in relation to Danish isolates) to 7.1% (in relation to Canadian isolates). Phylogenetic relationships between variants appear to be associated with the geographic distances between them. To our knowledge, this work describes the first results on the molecular epidemiology of MAstV in continental Europe. The detection of MAstV in Central Europe indicates the need for further research to broaden our understanding of the molecular epidemiology of MAstV in Europe.

Subject Areas

mink astrovirus; molecular diagnostics; molecular polymorphism; phylogenetics

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