Working Paper Case Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Early Childhood Tooth Bud Removal Practice (“Ibyinyo”): Preventable Dental Damage

Version 1 : Received: 26 August 2020 / Approved: 28 August 2020 / Online: 28 August 2020 (15:06:48 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: Advances in Human Biology 2020, 10, 193-196
DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_25_20

Abstract

Tooth bud removal called Ibyinyo is the practice of removing the developing tooth buds, usually done on an infant, typically performed by traditional healers who believe that this practice will reduce fever and diarrhea in children. This practice is most prevalent in East-African countries, including Rwanda. These procedures are mostly performed in non-sterile conditions using basic sharp instruments. We will discuss the case of a 10-year-old female patient who was presented at the dental clinic, with two malformed permanent canine teeth. Clinical examination revealed malformed enamel and elongated permanent right maxillary canine tooth left mandibular canine tooth with crown malformation. She was also presented with retained (primary) left maxillary lateral incisor tooth and missing left maxillary canine tooth. In addition, the ectopic eruption of left maxillary central incisor tooth and missing permanent right mandibular canine tooth were noted. All these complications resulted from tooth bud removal that the patient had experienced in her early childhood. Her malformed right maxillary and left lower mandibular canine teeth were reshaped, using composite filling materials, to improve her appearance aesthetically. Ibyinyo is preventable damage, done out of ignorance and superstitious practices that can be stopped by growing social awareness. Therefore, educating parents through community-based campaigns on the detrimental consequences of early childhood tooth bud removal through Ibyinyo practice might be helpful to eradicate this harmful and unnecessary practice.

Subject Areas

Ectopic eruption; Ibyinyo, malpractice; tooth bud extraction

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