Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effects of Tissue Preservation on Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotope Signatures in Syngnathid Fishes and Prey

Version 1 : Received: 7 August 2020 / Approved: 8 August 2020 / Online: 8 August 2020 (18:13:47 CEST)

How to cite: Planas, M.; Paltrinieri, A.; Dias Carneiro, M.D.; Hernández-Urcera, J. Effects of Tissue Preservation on Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotope Signatures in Syngnathid Fishes and Prey. Preprints 2020, 2020080214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0214.v1). Planas, M.; Paltrinieri, A.; Dias Carneiro, M.D.; Hernández-Urcera, J. Effects of Tissue Preservation on Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotope Signatures in Syngnathid Fishes and Prey. Preprints 2020, 2020080214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0214.v1).

Abstract

Isotopic stable analysis (SIA) is a powerful tool in the assessment of different types of ecological and physiological studies. For that, different preservative methods for the samples are commonly used prior to isotopic analysis. The effects of various preservative methods (drying, freezing, ethanol and formaldehyde) have been analyzed for C:N ratio, δ13C and δ15N on a variety of tissues including dorsal fins (three seahorse and two pipefish species), seahorse newborns (three seahorses species), and prey (copepods and different stages of Artemia) commonly used to feed the fishes in rearing conditions. The aims of the study were to: (i) evaluate isotopic effects of preservation methods across tissues; and (ii) construct the first conversion models available in syngnathid fishes. The preservation in ethanol and to a lesser extend in formaldehyde significantly affected δ13C values, whereas δ15N signatures were not affected significantly. Due to their low lipid content, the isotopic signals in fish fins were almost unaffected, supporting the suitability of dorsal fins as a convenient tool in isotopic studies on vulnerable species such as syngnathids. The regression equations provided permit the successful conversion of δ13C and δ15N values between preservative treatments. The conversion models can be applied to isotopic studies in the field and in the laboratory.

Subject Areas

stable isotopes; preservation; syngnathids; seahorses; pipefishes; conversion models

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