Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

COVID19: An Opinion on Animal Infections and Role of Veterinarians in One Health Perspective

Version 1 : Received: 31 July 2020 / Approved: 3 August 2020 / Online: 3 August 2020 (10:12:55 CEST)

How to cite: PRIYADARSINI, S.; SINGH, R.; SOMAGOND, A.; MECH, P. COVID19: An Opinion on Animal Infections and Role of Veterinarians in One Health Perspective. Preprints 2020, 2020080069 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0069.v1). PRIYADARSINI, S.; SINGH, R.; SOMAGOND, A.; MECH, P. COVID19: An Opinion on Animal Infections and Role of Veterinarians in One Health Perspective. Preprints 2020, 2020080069 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0069.v1).

Abstract

Coronavirus disease is the current cause of global concern. The massive outbreak of COVID-19 has led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare this as a pandemic situation. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV-2) is responsible for COVID-19 leading to acute respiratory distress and substantial mortality in humans. However, the first laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 in a pet dog in Hong Kong has shown the possibility of human-to-animal transmission (zooanthroponotic) of the virus. Thereafter, many animals including cat, tiger, lion and mink have also been reported to acquire the virus in several countries. In this situation the role of veterinarian assumes important in treating the animals, helping in food security, disease diagnosis, surveillance and boosting the economy of livestock stakeholders at the grassroot level. In the absence of any selective vaccine or drug against SARS-CoV-2, the world is anticipated to triumph over this pandemic with collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach linking human, animal and environmental health. This article gives an insight into the confirmed SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks in animals, including the factors behind the shuffling of the virus among variety of species and also emphasizes on the role of veterinarian in managing and safeguarding public health so as to pave the way for adopting one health approach in order to conserve biodiversity.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; zoonoses; anthroponosis; veterinarian; OIE and animals

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