Dolashki, A.; Velkova, L.; Daskalova, E.; Zheleva, N.; Topalova, Y.; Atanasov, V.; Voelter, W.; Dolashka, P. Antimicrobial Activities of Different Fractions from Mucus of the Garden Snail Cornu aspersum. Biomedicines2020, 8, 315.
Dolashki, A.; Velkova, L.; Daskalova, E.; Zheleva, N.; Topalova, Y.; Atanasov, V.; Voelter, W.; Dolashka, P. Antimicrobial Activities of Different Fractions from Mucus of the Garden Snail Cornu aspersum. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 315.
Natural products have long played a major role in medicine and science. The garden snail Cornu aspersa is a rich source of biologically active natural substances which might be an important source for new drugs to treat human disease. Based on our previous studies seven fractions containing compounds with Mw <3 kDa, <10 kDa, <20 kDa, >20 kDa, and between 3-5 kDa, 5-10 kDa, and 10-30 kDa were purified from the mucus of C. aspersa and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF). Seventeen novel peptides with potential antibacterial activity have been identified by de novo MS/MS sequencing using tandem mass spectrometry. The different fractions were tested for antibacterial activity against Gram─ (Pseudomonas aureofaciens and Escherichia coli) and Gram+ (Brevibacillus laterosporus) bacterial strains as well anaerobic bacterium Clostridium perfringens. These results revealed that the peptide fractions exhibit a predominant antibacterial activity against B. laterosporus, the fraction with Mw 10 – 30 kDa against E. coli, another peptide fraction <20 kDa against P. aureofaciens, and the protein fraction >20 kDa against the bacterial strain C. perfringens. The discovery of new antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) from natural sources is of great importance for public health due to their effective antimicrobial activities and low resistance rates.
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