Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Improving Research Practices in Energy: Practical Guidance for Greater Transparency, Reproducibility and Quality

Version 1 : Received: 22 July 2020 / Approved: 23 July 2020 / Online: 23 July 2020 (08:10:38 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Huebner, G. M., Fell, M. J., & Watson, N. E. (2021). Improving energy research practices: guidance for transparency, reproducibility and quality. Buildings and Cities, 2(1), 1. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/bc.67 Huebner, G. M., Fell, M. J., & Watson, N. E. (2021). Improving energy research practices: guidance for transparency, reproducibility and quality. Buildings and Cities, 2(1), 1. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/bc.67

Journal reference: Buildings & Cities 2021
DOI: 10.5334/bc.67

Abstract

Energy use is of crucial importance for the global challenge of climate change but also an essential part of daily life. Hence, research on energy needs to be robust and valid. Other scientific disciplines have experienced a reproducibility crisis, that is, existing findings could not be reproduced in new studies, and energy research might be impacted as well. In this paper, we suggest the ‘TReQ’ approach to improve the research practices in the energy field and arrive at greater Transparency, Reproducibility, and Quality. We acknowledge the specific challenges of energy research and suggest a highly adaptable suite of tools that can be applied to research approaches across this multi-disciplinary and fast-changing field. In particular, we introduce preregistration of studies, making data and code publicly available, using preprints, and employing reporting guidelines to heighten the standard of research practices within the energy field. We argue that through wider adoption of these tools, we will be able to have greater trust in the findings of research used to inform evidence-based policy and practice in the energy field.

Keywords

Energy; transparency; quality; reproducibility; open science; best practice

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