Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Identification and Differences in Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Lactococcus garvieae from Farmed Grey Mullet ( Mugil cephalus ) and Non-Grey Mullet in Southern Taiwan

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2020 / Approved: 12 July 2020 / Online: 12 July 2020 (15:41:52 CEST)

How to cite: Lee, J.; Chiu, S.; Chen, C.; Chu, C.; Wang, J. Identification and Differences in Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Lactococcus garvieae from Farmed Grey Mullet ( Mugil cephalus ) and Non-Grey Mullet in Southern Taiwan. Preprints 2020, 2020070265 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0265.v1). Lee, J.; Chiu, S.; Chen, C.; Chu, C.; Wang, J. Identification and Differences in Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Lactococcus garvieae from Farmed Grey Mullet ( Mugil cephalus ) and Non-Grey Mullet in Southern Taiwan. Preprints 2020, 2020070265 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0265.v1).

Abstract

Streptococcal infection is a main infectious diseases for farmed grey mullet (Mugil cephalus). This study were to identify spreptococcal species in diseased farmed grey mullet and to investigate differences in susceptibility to 13 antibiotics and in genotypes between the stains from the grey mullet and non-grey mullet. 170 samples from diseased farmed grey mullet were collected from three county in 2013 -2016. Multiplex PCR identified L. garviea (146) as the main pathogen, S. agalactia (9), S. dysgalactiae (19), and double infection (5), but no S. iniae. The prevalence changed annually and differed among three counties. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis demonstrated identical genotype with an ApaI-digested DNA pattern. Disc diffusion results demonstrated differences in antibiotic susceptibility between the strains from grey mullet (146) and non-grey mullet (30). Almost all strains resisted to clindamycin and all strains were susceptible to six antibiotic in grey mullet and 4 antibiotics in non-grey mullet. The reduced susceptible strains was more in non-grey mullet than grey mullet group. The reduced susceptible strains were observed the highest in 2014 and in Chiayi county and decreased from 2014 to 2016. However, the strains with reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone, cirpofoxacin, moxifloxacin, tetracycline for human treatment were observed.

Subject Areas

Lactococcus garvieae; Grey Mullet (Mugil cephalus); Multiplex PCR; Antibiotic Susceptibility

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