Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Light Speed Expansion and Rotation of a Very Dark Machian Universe Having Internal Acceleration

Version 1 : Received: 9 July 2020 / Approved: 10 July 2020 / Online: 10 July 2020 (01:53:59 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 12 July 2020 / Approved: 12 July 2020 / Online: 12 July 2020 (14:20:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Seshavatharam,U.V.S. and Lakshminarayana, S. (2020) Light Speed Expansion and Rotation of a Very Dark Machian Universe Having Internal Acceleration. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 10, 247-283 Seshavatharam,U.V.S. and Lakshminarayana, S. (2020) Light Speed Expansion and Rotation of a Very Dark Machian Universe Having Internal Acceleration. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 10, 247-283

Journal reference: International Journal of Astronomy and astrophysics 2020, 10, 4500968
DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2020.103014

Abstract

With reference to Mach’s relation, an attempt has been made to develop a practical model of cosmology. Main features of this integrated model are: eternal role of Planck scale and Mach’s relation, light speed expansion and rotation, slow thermal cooling, internal acceleration and anisotropy. At any stage of cosmic expansion, there exists a tight correlation between gravitational self energy density, thermal energy density, cosmic angular velocity and Hubble parameter. In this model, total cosmic matter is dark matter only. During cosmic evolution, part of galactic dark matter is slowly transforming to visual mass. Magnitude of galactic dark mass is proportional to . Considering the current cosmic maximum angular acceleration, MOND’s approach implicitly seems to support the cosmological estimation of 95% invisible matter and 5% visible matter. Estimated flat rotation speeds of DD168, Milky Way and UGC12591 are 49.96 km/sec, 199.66 km/sec and 521.75 km/sec respectively. As per the reference data, their corresponding flat rotation speeds are 52 km/sec, 202.6 km/sec and 500 km/sec respectively. Within a range of (50 to 500) km/sec, these striking coincidences are strongly supporting our proposed concepts. We are working on collecting data for most of the galaxies and updating this draft with detailed tables and figures in our next revision. Proceeding further, applying our idea to Sun and Proton, their current dark masses are and respectively. Current cosmic graviton wave length seems to be around 3.6 mm. Even though, this model is free from ‘big bang’, ‘inflation’, ‘dark energy’, ‘flatness’ and ‘red shift’ issues, at estimated present Hubble parameter is cosmic radius is 146.3 times higher than the Hubble radius, angular velocity is 146.3 times smaller than the Hubble parameter and cosmic age is 146.3 times the Hubble age. With future observations and advanced telescopes, it may be possible to see far distance galaxies and very old stars far beyond our Milk Way.

Subject Areas

Planck scale; Machian universe; Speed of light; Galactic dark matter; Galactic visible mass; Cosmic anisotropy; Internal acceleration; Cosmic graviton wavelength

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