Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

On the Fundamental Constants of Nature

Version 1 : Received: 1 June 2020 / Approved: 3 June 2020 / Online: 3 June 2020 (13:55:32 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 11 September 2020 / Approved: 14 September 2020 / Online: 14 September 2020 (07:32:31 CEST)

How to cite: Humpherys, D. On the Fundamental Constants of Nature. Preprints 2020, 2020060017. Humpherys, D. On the Fundamental Constants of Nature. Preprints 2020, 2020060017.


Planck’s constant and the gravitational constant are comprised of more fundamental quantities of length, mass, and time. Reformulating traditional equations in terms of these fundamental units offers a more granular view of the physical transformations encoded in the equations of physics. The composite structure of h and G conceals a simple model in which maximum unit potentials are reduced by dimensionless proportionality operators. Natural symmetries correlate the three unit dimensions, yielding predictable quantities of physical dynamics. Insights are organized into a New Foundations Model of physics that reformulates traditional constants and equations in elementary form. The New Foundations Model offers a common language for describing quantum mechanical, gravitational, and electromagnetic phenomena.


Planck units; natural units; fundamental constants; physical constants; Planck's constant; gravitational constant; particle mechanics


PHYSICAL SCIENCES, General & Theoretical Physics

Comments (2)

Comment 1
Received: 14 September 2020
Commenter: David Humpherys
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: I reorganized the manuscript's content as a more structured introduction to the New Foundations Model, which reformulates traditional constants and equations in natural units of length, mass, and time . I also simplified the paper by removing some sections to focus on the essential message, making it easier for the reader to follow. I added several new visual elements to enhance the impact of restating Planck's constant and the gravitational constant in Planck units.
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Comment 2
Received: 27 January 2021
Commenter: Chad Juliano
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The definition of inductance in Eq. 25 is not correct and should have Ep/Ip^2. For more details see Plank Inductance at or the wikipedia article on magnetic energy
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