Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Importance, Determinants and Gender Dimensions of Forests for Communities Dawuro Zone, South-West Ethiopia a Case Study of Essera Woreda

Version 1 : Received: 22 May 2020 / Approved: 23 May 2020 / Online: 23 May 2020 (10:56:38 CEST)

How to cite: Tona Amenu, B.; Shanko Mamo, G. Importance, Determinants and Gender Dimensions of Forests for Communities Dawuro Zone, South-West Ethiopia a Case Study of Essera Woreda. Preprints 2020, 2020050375 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0375.v1). Tona Amenu, B.; Shanko Mamo, G. Importance, Determinants and Gender Dimensions of Forests for Communities Dawuro Zone, South-West Ethiopia a Case Study of Essera Woreda. Preprints 2020, 2020050375 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0375.v1).

Abstract

Rural households across developing countries rely on diversified sources of income and forest resource play important role in this regard. This study is designed with the objectives of assessing the contribution of forests to annual income of rural households and identifying its determinants with the case of Essera woreda forest in western Ethiopia. It also examined the gender dimensions of forest income and how this income varies with the wealth status of households key informants interview focus group discussion and household based questionnaire survey were used to collect data. On average income from crop production accounted for (40.7%) of the total annual household income. Forest income is second in importance contributing (32.6%), income from livestock off and non-farm activities and woodlots accounted for (13.6%), (11.4%) and (1.7%) of the total household income respectively. Firewood is the most used forest product and constituted the largest proportion (79%) of the total forest income. Forest income is more important for poor households (47.3%) than for medium (30.5%) or rich (20.2%) households. It is also more important for female headed households (58.2%) than for male headed households (29%). The gender dimension of forest income is also important within the household. Female members generated about four times more forest income (77% of the household forest income) than male members (23%). Policy to promote new forest management arrangement such as participatory forest management (PFM) needs to take in to account the major forest users and the types of products they depend on and be accompanied with other poverty reduction measures so that improved forest conservation outcome will not have negative consequences on local livelihoods particularly on poor and women who depend most on the forest.

Subject Areas

Firewood; Forest dependence; Gender; Household income; Livelihoods; Wealth status

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