Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

GATA 3 Gene Overexpression Is A Biomarker of Adverse Prognosis for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified and for ALK-Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: An Exploratory Analysis of 80 Latin American Cases of nodal PTCLs

Version 1 : Received: 27 April 2020 / Approved: 29 April 2020 / Online: 29 April 2020 (12:48:00 CEST)

How to cite: de Pádua Covas Lage, L.A.; Brito, C.V.; Levy, D.; Culler, H.F.; Campanelli Freitas Couto, S.; Bassolli, L.; Zerbini, M.C.N.; Rocha, V.; Pereira, J. GATA 3 Gene Overexpression Is A Biomarker of Adverse Prognosis for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified and for ALK-Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: An Exploratory Analysis of 80 Latin American Cases of nodal PTCLs. Preprints 2020, 2020040509 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0509.v1). de Pádua Covas Lage, L.A.; Brito, C.V.; Levy, D.; Culler, H.F.; Campanelli Freitas Couto, S.; Bassolli, L.; Zerbini, M.C.N.; Rocha, V.; Pereira, J. GATA 3 Gene Overexpression Is A Biomarker of Adverse Prognosis for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified and for ALK-Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: An Exploratory Analysis of 80 Latin American Cases of nodal PTCLs. Preprints 2020, 2020040509 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0509.v1).

Abstract

Background: Nodal peripheral T-cell lymphomas (nPTCLs) encompass a heterogeneous group of mature and aggressive lymphoid malignancies, including peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL/NOS), angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) ALK-positive and ALK-negative. Their differential diagnosis and prognosis are an issue in the clinical practice. Accurate biomarkers to refine the different subtypes of nPTCLs and to stratify their prognosis are essential to improve their treatment approach. The aim of this study was to test the prognostic impact of GATA3 gene expression, and its capability to discriminate the different subtypes of nPTCLs. Patients and Methods: From 2000 to 2017, 80 patients with nPTCLs were eligible for GATA3 gene expression analysis that was assessed retrospectively by quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) of neoplastic biopsies in Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded samples (FFPE). Results: Median age was 49 years old (IqR 34-59), 43/80 (53.7%) were male. Median follow-up was 1.72 years. Of them, 36.3% were classified as PTCL/NOS, 31.2% ALK-negative ALCL, 21.2% ALK-positive ALCL and 11.3% AITL. The majority of cases had advanced stage (III/IV). Two-year estimated overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 52.2% and 39.5%, respectively. The median GATA3 gene expression level was 0.49% (range 0 – 7.07) in all cohort, it was 0.11% for ALK-positive ALCL, 0.46% for ALK-negative ALCL, 0.86% for PTCL/NOS and 0.67% for AITL. The difference of GATA3 gene expression among distinct variants of nPTCLs was statistically significant (p < 0.001). GATA3 gene expression levels ≥ 0.71% discriminate PTCL/NOS from ALK-negative ALCL and AITL with sensitivity of 62% and specificity of 80.3%. GATA3 gene expression levels ≥ median was associated with poor 2-year OS for PTCL/NOS (46.7% x 21.4%, p=0.04) and for ALK-negative ALCL (85.7% x 54.5%, p=0.04). Conclusion: Despite the relative small and heterogeneous group of patients with nPTCLs, GATA3 gene overexpression may be an important biomarker associated with poor prognosis in PTCL/NOS and ALK-negative ALCL. Moreover it may also discriminate different subtypes of nPTCLs. Further studies with larger series of patients should confirm our findings.

Subject Areas

nodal peripheral T-cell lymphomas; peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL/NOS); ALK-negative anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL/ALK-); Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL); diagnosis; prognosis; GATA3 gene expression

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