Kalashnikov, S.C.V. Evidence of Time Evolution in Quantum Gravity. Universe2020, 6, 67.
Kalashnikov, S.C.V. Evidence of Time Evolution in Quantum Gravity. Universe 2020, 6, 67.
We argue that the problem of time is not a crucial issue inherent in the quantum picture of the universe evolution. On the minisuperspace model example with the massless scalar field, we demonstrate four approaches to the description of quantum evolution, which give similar results explicitly. The relevance of these approaches to building a quantum theory of gravity is discussed.
quantum cosmology; the problem of the time; initial conditions in the quantum universe; quantum gravity
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, General & Theoretical Physics
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