Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Genome Editing: An Emerging Tool for Plant Breeders

Version 1 : Received: 22 March 2020 / Approved: 23 March 2020 / Online: 23 March 2020 (10:23:45 CET)

How to cite: Kumar, A.; Sandhu, K. Genome Editing: An Emerging Tool for Plant Breeders. Preprints 2020, 2020030351 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0351.v1). Kumar, A.; Sandhu, K. Genome Editing: An Emerging Tool for Plant Breeders. Preprints 2020, 2020030351 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0351.v1).

Abstract

Conventional plant breeding has contributed enormously towards feeding the world and has played crucial roles in the development of modern society. The conventional method creates variation by transferring genes between or within the species. In general, these methods are more expensive and takes more time, to overcome these limitations, new technology is required. Genome editing is a powerful tool for biotechnology applications, with the capacity to alter the function of any gene. With the availability of gene information for the majority of the traits, genome editing emerged as a potential to create a new variation with the introduction of any transgene. The important genome editing tools used nowadays are ZFNs, TALEN, Pentatricopeptide repeats protein, adenine base editor, RNA interference, and CRISPR/Cas9. These tools have opened a new era for crop improvement. Due to the complex genetic architecture of most traits, it is challenging to edit genes controlling them. To overcome these challenges, genome editing provides a broader perspective. Among the above-mentioned tools, CRISPR/Cas9 is the most powerful tool for gene editing. These technologies are being used to create abiotic and biotic resistance crop varieties.

Subject Areas

Conventional method; Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Sequence; Genome editing; RNA Interference; TALEN

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