: Received: 16 March 2020 / Approved: 17 March 2020 / Online: 17 March 2020 (09:03:09 CET)
: Received: 23 March 2020 / Approved: 23 March 2020 / Online: 23 March 2020 (15:24:08 CET)
How to cite:
SPOIALA, A.; FICAI, D.; FICAI, A.; CRACIUN, L.; TITU, A.M.; ANDRONESCU, E. Toward Synthesis-derived Applications of Silver Nanoparticles. Preprints2020, 2020030272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0272.v2).
SPOIALA, A.; FICAI, D.; FICAI, A.; CRACIUN, L.; TITU, A.M.; ANDRONESCU, E. Toward Synthesis-derived Applications of Silver Nanoparticles. Preprints 2020, 2020030272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0272.v2).
This paper aims to review the challenges, toxicity, and routes of synthesis and usage of silver nanoparticles in different applications but also highlighting their sustainability from both medical and environmental issues. Regarding their toxicity, it is known that silver nanoparticles can destroy over 650 microorganisms comparing with antibiotics. Supplementary, will be presented in a comparative manner some conventional synthesis routes (physical and chemical methods) and green synthesis routes using plant extracts. The approach using plant extracts have various advantages comparing with physical, chemical and microbial synthesis methods because there is no need to use chemicals, wasteful purifications and high energy requirements. The paper presents an overview on “green nanotechnology” focused on using either biological micro-organisms or plant extracts as an alternative to the classical chemical and physical methods. An important issue discussed in the paper is an overview of the synthesis routes of silver nanoparticles, some expected applications of silver based active agents and their toxicity and challenges that must be overcome. Also, it needs to focus our attention on the dismissal of silver nanoparticles into the environment and especially in water systems, fact which suggests that this issue must be fully understood and applied the law.
silver nanoparticles; synthesis routes of silver nanoparticles; synthesis-derived applications; toxicity
MATERIALS SCIENCE, Nanotechnology
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