Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Health Locus of Control in Parents of Children with Leukemia and Associations with Their Life Perceptions and Depression Symptomatology

Version 1 : Received: 3 March 2020 / Approved: 4 March 2020 / Online: 4 March 2020 (04:32:14 CET)

How to cite: Tremolada, M.; Taverna, L.; Bonichini, S.; Putti, M.C.; Pillon, M.; Biffi, A. Health Locus of Control in Parents of Children with Leukemia and Associations with Their Life Perceptions and Depression Symptomatology. Preprints 2020, 2020030045 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0045.v1). Tremolada, M.; Taverna, L.; Bonichini, S.; Putti, M.C.; Pillon, M.; Biffi, A. Health Locus of Control in Parents of Children with Leukemia and Associations with Their Life Perceptions and Depression Symptomatology. Preprints 2020, 2020030045 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0045.v1).

Abstract

Health locus of control is the set of beliefs a person has about his or her personal influence on health. The current study aimed at identifying types of locus of control in parents of leukemia children and possible association with depressive symptomatology and current life perception. 104 parents were recruited at the Haematology-Oncologic Clinic of Padua post 1 month from the leukemia diagnosis. Participants were Caucasian with a mean age of 37.28 years (SD=5.89), mostly mothers (87.5%) and with a mean of 12.16 years of education (SD=3.82). After signing the informed consent, they filled in the Ladder of Life questionnaire, the BSI-18 and the Parents Health Locus Of Control (PHLOC). Paired-samples t-test (t= -14.42; df=103; p=0.0001) showed that parents of leukemia children were more inclined to have an external locus of control than an internal one. Hierarchical regression analysis model (R2=0.34; F=4.32; p=0.0001) identified health professional influence (ß= -0.28; p=0.004), current life perception (ß= -0.3; p=0.013) and future life perception (ß= -0.26; p=0.012) as significantly predictors on Parental depression. Improving trust in the medical staff care and parental life perceptions could be a preventive program to cope with parental depression symptomatology.

Subject Areas

children with leukemia; parents; health locus of control; depression; life perceptions

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