Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

How Could Sustainable Agriculture Increase Climate Resilience? A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 24 February 2020 / Approved: 27 February 2020 / Online: 27 February 2020 (12:23:04 CET)

How to cite: El Chami, D.; Daccache, A.; El Moujabber, M. How Could Sustainable Agriculture Increase Climate Resilience? A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020020405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0405.v1). El Chami, D.; Daccache, A.; El Moujabber, M. How Could Sustainable Agriculture Increase Climate Resilience? A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020020405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0405.v1).

Abstract

In the last few decades, a lot has been written on the use of sustainable agriculture to improve ecosystem services for resilience to climate change. However, no tangible and systematic evidence exists on how this would participate in alleviating impacts on vulnerable rural communities. This paper provides a narrative systematic review (SR) integrated with a bibliometric analysis and a concept network analysis to understand how, in a changing climate, sustainable agriculture builds the resilience of agro-systems. The search was set from the date of the first relevant article until the end of 2018. Results generated have demonstrated that: a. Only single practices and methods have been studied to assess impacts on single ecosystem services. b. Soil quality and health are considered a key indicator of sustainable agriculture. c. Albeit the assessed practices and methods have shown to improve the biodiversity of agro-systems, which makes them more resilient to extreme climate events, we are still far from reaching interdisciplinary and multi-dimensional agriculture which integrates all management aspects and generates a full range of ecosystem services. In conclusion, the study addressed the following recommendations for the scientific community and for decision-makers to orient future research strategies and efforts: a. Integration of all agro-systems services into sustainable management using an ecosystem-based approach on a life-cycle basis using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method; b. Improving the scientific understanding of traditional knowledge for higher synergies and for further integration; c. Unification of assessment methods and indicators for the quantification of impacts; d. Creation of a platform to share, monitor, screen, and approve assessments and evaluations of sustainable agriculture by region.

Subject Areas

Systematic Review; Sustainable Agriculture; Climate Change; Resilience; Agro-Systems

Comments (2)

Comment 1
Received: 3 March 2020
Commenter: Neal Robert Haddaway
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Could you provide more methodological detail, please? It is standard for "systematic reviews" to aim for complete transparency, but you do not give any details of the search performed or the criteria for inclusion.
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Response 1 to Comment 1
Received: 4 March 2020
Commenter: Daniel EL CHAMI
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Hello Neal,
Thanks for the comment and I totally agree with you, but it was really difficult trying to put all the info of the SR Report in a paper. We actually summarised the methodological aspect of the SR in section 2.3 (last 2 paragraphs). If this is not clear we will address this issue during the revision.

Regards,
Daniel

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