Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Vermicompost Application on Soil and Growth of the Plant Sesamum indicum L.

Version 1 : Received: 5 February 2020 / Approved: 6 February 2020 / Online: 6 February 2020 (09:05:32 CET)

How to cite: C, V.P.; K, B.; Saravanan, S.; Gunasekaran, S.; Srinivasan, G.R.; P R, K.S.; G, M. Effect of Vermicompost Application on Soil and Growth of the Plant Sesamum indicum L.. Preprints 2020, 2020020080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0080.v1). C, V.P.; K, B.; Saravanan, S.; Gunasekaran, S.; Srinivasan, G.R.; P R, K.S.; G, M. Effect of Vermicompost Application on Soil and Growth of the Plant Sesamum indicum L.. Preprints 2020, 2020020080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0080.v1).

Abstract

This paper aims in studying the effect of vermicompost on soil and growth of the plant Sesamum indicum L. by measuring the its various growth and yield components. For this purpose, a mixture of textile mill sludge, cow dung and saw dust have been mixed in different ratios to produce vermicompost by using the earthworm Perionyx excavates and was compared with inorganic (NPK) and organic fertilizer (FYM). The results of soil quality revealed that the porosity, water holding capacity (WHC), cation exchange capacity (CEC) and occurrence of macronutrients were significantly increased and the particle density were decreased in treatment with 100% vermicompost (VC) followed by soil treated with 50% VC + 50% NPK, on contrary, reduction in porosity, WHC, CEC were noted in NPK treated plots. The effect of vermicompost on plant growth components (root, shoot, leaf area index, branch, DMP) and yield components (pod number, weight, length, seed weight, number of seed, seed yield) were significantly higher in the plots treated with 50% VC + 50% NPK followed by 100% vermicompost than the plots treated only with FYM and NPK. The significant growth upon using vermicompost was accounted by its nutrients composition over other fertilizers.

Subject Areas

Vermicompost; Sesamum indicum L.; Perionyx excavates; NPK Fertilizers; Farm yard Manure; plant growth components

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