Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of Spatial Interaction between Different Food Cultures in South and North of China — Practices from People's Daily Life

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2019 / Approved: 22 December 2019 / Online: 22 December 2019 (10:05:48 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhang, H.; Zhou, X.; Huang, Y. Analysis of Spatial Interaction between Different Food Cultures in South and North China: Practices from People’s Daily Life. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 68. Zhang, H.; Zhou, X.; Huang, Y. Analysis of Spatial Interaction between Different Food Cultures in South and North China: Practices from People’s Daily Life. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 68.

Journal reference: ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 68
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9020068

Abstract

As an important research content in cultural geography, the exploration and analysis of the laws of regional cultural differences has great significance for the discovery of distinctive cultures, protection of regional cultures and in-depth understanding of cultural differences. In recent years, with the "spatial turn" of sociology, scholars are paying more and more attention to the implicit spatial information in social media data and the various social phenomena and laws they reflect. One important aspect is to grasp the social cultural phenomena and its spatial distribution characteristics through the text. Using machine learning methods such as the popular natural language processing (NLP), this paper can not only extract hotspot cultural elements from text data but also accurately detect the spatial interaction pattern of some specific cultures and the characteristics of emotions towards non-native cultures. Taking the 6,128 answers to the question “what are the differences between South and North China that you never know” on the Zhihu Q&A Platform as an example, with the help of NLP, this paper has explored the cultural differences between South and North China in people’s mind. This paper probes into people’s feeling and cognition of the cultural differences between South and North China from three aspects, including spatial interaction patterns of hotspot cultural elements, components of hotspot culture and emotional characteristics under the influence of cultural differences between North and South. The study reveals that 1) people from North and South China have great differences in recognizing each other’s culture. 2) Food culture is the most popular among many cultural differences. 3) People tend to show negative attitude towards the food cultures different from their own. All these findings shed light upon the understanding of regional cultural differences and addressing cultural conflicts. In addition, this paper also provides an effective solution to the study from a macro perspective, which have been difficult for new cultural geography.

Subject Areas

cultural differences; spatial interaction patterns; emotion analysis; Zhihu topic data; cultural geography

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