Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Aphid Antifeedant Fatty Acids from an Endophytic Fungus Trichoderma sp. EFI671

Version 1 : Received: 20 November 2019 / Approved: 21 November 2019 / Online: 21 November 2019 (15:00:33 CET)

How to cite: Kaushik, N.; Diaz, C.E.; Chhipa, H.; Julio, L.F.; Andres, M.F.; Gonzalez-Coloma, A. Aphid Antifeedant Fatty Acids from an Endophytic Fungus Trichoderma sp. EFI671. Preprints 2019, 2019110251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0251.v1). Kaushik, N.; Diaz, C.E.; Chhipa, H.; Julio, L.F.; Andres, M.F.; Gonzalez-Coloma, A. Aphid Antifeedant Fatty Acids from an Endophytic Fungus Trichoderma sp. EFI671. Preprints 2019, 2019110251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0251.v1).

Abstract

Increasing pesticide resistance in plant pathogens is major concern in agriculture production. Research on ecofriendly alternatives of chemical pesticides are more in demand in pesticide industry. In the current study, an ethyl acetate extract from the endophytic fungus Trichoderma sp. EFI 671, isolated from the stem parts of the medicinal plant Laurus sp., was screened for bioactivity against plant pathogens (Fusarium graminearum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea), insect pests (Spodoptera littoralis, Myzus persicae, Rhopalosiphum padi) and plant parasites (Meloidogyne javanica). The bioactive components have been characterized following a bioassay-guided isolation against M. persicae. The chemical study of this bioactive extract resulted in the isolation of 1-oleoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-palmitoylglycerol (1), eburicol (2), (24R)-stigmast-4-ene-3-one or β-sitostenone (3), ergosterol (4) and ergosterol peroxide (5). The free fatty acids present in compound 1 (oleic, linoleic and palmitic) showed strong dose-dependent aphid antifeedant effects against M. persicae. Liquid (PDB, and SDB) and solid (corn, sorghum, pearl millet and rice) growth media were tested in order to optimize the yield and bioactivity of the fungal extracts. Pearl millet and corn gave the highest extract yields. All the extracts from these solid media had strong effects against M. persicae with sorghum being the most active. Corn increased the content in linolenic, pearl millet the oleic and stearic and sorghum oleic and linolenic acids compared to rice. Their antifeedant effects correlated with linoleic /oleic acids. The phytotoxic effects of these extracts against Lolium perenne and Lactuca sativa varied with culture media, with sorghum being the least toxic.

Subject Areas

endophyte; Trichoderma; fatty acid; antifeedant, myzus persicae; culture media

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