Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Quantum Regime Operation of Beam Splitters and Interference Filters

Version 1 : Received: 16 September 2019 / Approved: 17 September 2019 / Online: 17 September 2019 (12:47:42 CEST)

How to cite: Vatarescu, A. The Quantum Regime Operation of Beam Splitters and Interference Filters. Preprints 2019, 2019090191 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0191.v1). Vatarescu, A. The Quantum Regime Operation of Beam Splitters and Interference Filters. Preprints 2019, 2019090191 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0191.v1).

Abstract

The quantum Rayleigh spontaneous emission replaces entangled photons with independent ones in homogeneous dielectric media where single photons cannot propagate in a straight line. Single and independent groups of photons, described by the original bare states of Jaynes-Cummings model, deliver the correct expectation values for the number of photons carried by a photonic wavefront, its complex optical field, and phase quadratures. The intrinsic longitudinal field profile associated with a photonic wavefront is derived for any instantaneous number of photons. These photonic properties enable a step-by-step analysis of various beam splitters and interferometric filters. As a result, generalized expressions are derived for the correlation functions characterizing counting of coincident numbers of photons for fourth-order interference, whether classical or quantum optical, without entangled photons.

Subject Areas

Quantum Rayleigh emissions; photonic beam splitters and filters; photon coincidence counting; HOM dip with no entangled photons

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