Preprint Article Version 7 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sparse complete sets for coNP: Solution of the P versus NP problem

Version 1 : Received: 1 August 2019 / Approved: 5 August 2019 / Online: 5 August 2019 (03:31:23 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 26 November 2019 / Approved: 29 November 2019 / Online: 29 November 2019 (07:28:14 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 4 April 2020 / Approved: 6 April 2020 / Online: 6 April 2020 (12:57:55 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 15 April 2020 / Approved: 16 April 2020 / Online: 16 April 2020 (10:17:03 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 18 September 2020 / Approved: 19 September 2020 / Online: 19 September 2020 (09:51:02 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 10 February 2021 / Approved: 11 February 2021 / Online: 11 February 2021 (11:56:37 CET)
Version 7 : Received: 19 August 2021 / Approved: 27 August 2021 / Online: 27 August 2021 (14:09:47 CEST)
Version 8 : Received: 20 October 2021 / Approved: 26 October 2021 / Online: 26 October 2021 (11:07:59 CEST)

How to cite: Vega, F. Sparse complete sets for coNP: Solution of the P versus NP problem. Preprints 2019, 2019080037 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0037.v7). Vega, F. Sparse complete sets for coNP: Solution of the P versus NP problem. Preprints 2019, 2019080037 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0037.v7).

Abstract

P versus NP is considered as one of the most important open problems in computer science. This consists in knowing the answer of the following question: Is P equal to NP? A precise statement of the P versus NP problem was introduced independently by Stephen Cook and Leonid Levin. Since that date, all efforts to find a proof for this problem have failed. Another major complexity class is coNP. Whether NP = coNP is another fundamental question that it is as important as it is unresolved. In 1979, Fortune showed that if any sparse language is coNP-complete, then P = NP. We prove there is a possible sparse language in coNP-complete. In this way, we demonstrate the complexity class P is equal to NP.

Keywords

Complexity Classes; Complement Language; Sparse; Completeness; Polynomial Time

Subject

MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, General & Theoretical Computer Science

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 27 August 2021
Commenter: Frank Vega
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: This version is not equal to v2 of previous manuscript. I confirm that I changed the title, the abstract, the kywords and content. If you receive a request for withdrawal, this will not be me but maybe a hacking request.
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.