Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Ucuùba (Virola surinamensis) Fat-Based Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Nail Drug Delivery of Ketoconazole: Development and Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design

Version 1 : Received: 21 April 2019 / Approved: 23 April 2019 / Online: 23 April 2019 (12:57:42 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pereira, R.R.; Testi, M.; Rossi, F.; Silva Junior, J.O.C.; Ribeiro-Costa, R.M.; Bettini, R.; Santi, P.; Padula, C.; Sonvico, F. Ucuùba (Virola surinamensis) Fat-Based Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Nail Drug Delivery of Ketoconazole: Development and Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design. Pharmaceutics 2019, 11, 284. Pereira, R.R.; Testi, M.; Rossi, F.; Silva Junior, J.O.C.; Ribeiro-Costa, R.M.; Bettini, R.; Santi, P.; Padula, C.; Sonvico, F. Ucuùba (Virola surinamensis) Fat-Based Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Nail Drug Delivery of Ketoconazole: Development and Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design. Pharmaceutics 2019, 11, 284.

Journal reference: Pharmaceutics 2019, 11, 284
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics11060284

Abstract

Ucuùba fat is fat obtained from a plant found in South America, mainly in Amazonian Brazil. Due to its biocompatibility and bioactivity, the Ucuùba fat was used for production of ketoconazole-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) in view of an application for the treatment of onychomycosis and other persistent fungal infections. The development and optimization of the Ucuùba fat based NLC were performed using a Box-Behnken design of experiment. The independent variables were surfactant concentration (% w/v), liquid lipids concentration (% w/v), solid lipids concentration (% w/v), while the outputs of interest were particle size, polydispersity index (PDI) and drug encapsulation efficiency (EE). The Ucuùba fat based NLC were produced and the process optimized determining a predictive mathematical model. Applying the model, two formulations with the pre-required particle size, i.e., 30 and 85 nm, were produced for further evaluation. The optimized formulations were characterized and showed a particle size in agreement to the predicted value, i.e. 33.6 nm and 74.6 nm, respectively. The optimized formulations were also characterized using multiple techniques in order to investigate the solid state of drug and excipients (DSC and XRD), particle morphology (TEM) and interactions between the formulation components (FTIR). Furthermore, particle size and surface charge of the formulations was studied during a one-month stability study and did not evidence any significative modification during storage.

Subject Areas

Amazonian fat; Ucuùba fat; Box Behnken Design; solid lipid nanoparticles; antifungal therapy; onychomycosis

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