Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

In Vitro Anti-Microbial Activity of Essential Oils and other Extracts from Salvia officinalis against Some Bacteria

Version 1 : Received: 30 March 2019 / Approved: 1 April 2019 / Online: 1 April 2019 (13:15:06 CEST)

How to cite: Mohamed, A.Y.; Mustafa, A.A. In Vitro Anti-Microbial Activity of Essential Oils and other Extracts from Salvia officinalis against Some Bacteria. Preprints 2019, 2019040012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0012.v1). Mohamed, A.Y.; Mustafa, A.A. In Vitro Anti-Microbial Activity of Essential Oils and other Extracts from Salvia officinalis against Some Bacteria. Preprints 2019, 2019040012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0012.v1).

Abstract

This study aimed to screen the antibacterial activity of essential oils from different parts (leave and stem) of Salvia officinalis against some Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria using agar disc diffusion test, then the extracts were prepared by hydro distillation to extract the essential oils. Maceration and hexane extraction by Soxhlet were used to obtain crude extracts from the leave and stem. Essential oils from the leaves and the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves showed higher antimicrobial activity, while hexane extract of leaves and stems showed moderate antibacterial activity. In contrast the essential oil from the stems showed very low antibacterial activity. It was observed that the results gram positive bacteria (staphylococcus aureus) was more sensitive than Gram negative (Echerichia coli).

Subject Areas

antimicrobial activity; essential oils; Salvia officinalis; Sudan

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