Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessment of E-Bug Database Assisted Education of Class VII School Children on Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants: a Non-Randomized Education Study In a Cross-Section of Schools Around Manipal Town, Udupi, India

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2018 / Approved: 23 November 2018 / Online: 23 November 2018 (11:33:55 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Fernandes, R.; Naik, S.; Bhat, A.-G.; Shetty, R.; Hande, M.-H.; Ghafur, A.; Rao, M.; Kunhikatta, V.; Pathiraj, J.-P.-K. Knowledge Assessment of E-Bug Assisted Antimicrobial Resistance Education Module in Class VII School Students of South Indian Coastal Town of Manipal. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 84. Fernandes, R.; Naik, S.; Bhat, A.-G.; Shetty, R.; Hande, M.-H.; Ghafur, A.; Rao, M.; Kunhikatta, V.; Pathiraj, J.-P.-K. Knowledge Assessment of E-Bug Assisted Antimicrobial Resistance Education Module in Class VII School Students of South Indian Coastal Town of Manipal. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 84.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 84
DOI: 10.3390/jcm8010084

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognised public health threat today globally. Though many active and passive stewardship strategies are employed to counter AMR clinically, educating school going children on AMR could be a futuristic cost-effective measure to minimize AMR development. We hypothesised NICE’s e-bug module to class VII school students on AMR determinants. Methodology: A prospective non-randomized intervention study on 327 students belonging to 9 schools of class VII around Manipal town, Udupi district, Karnataka state, India were included for the study. 10 questions on AMR determinants extracted from NICE’s e-bug program were quizzed in written as pre-test followed by an education intervention on the same questions followed by a post-test to end the session. Descriptive statistics to estimate epidemiological characteristics, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks and Kruskal-Wallis tests were applied to analyse statistical significance of pre/post-test performance scores for the 10 questions and between schools respectively Results: Students had inadequate knowledge on 7 AMR determinants (antimicrobial indication, its course, hand hygiene, fermentation, spread of infection, microbial multiplication and characteristics of microbe) when analysed for post-test performance (p<0.05). Comparison of post-test performance of 9 participating schools revealed statistical significance (p<0.05) for 3 questions (definition on antimicrobial, cover while cough/sneezing and microbial characteristics) Conclusion: Although students exhibited sub-optimal knowledge on few AMR determinants, they showed keenness to learn exhibited by their performance. Our findings and previous similar studies from Europe are suggestive of early pedagogic interventions on AMR through inclusion of such education modules in the curriculum could be potential tool for AMR prevention for future generations.

Subject Areas

Antimicrobial Resistance, stewardship, community, school, students, e-bug, education, pharmacists, India

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