Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Resolution of Intergeneric Relationships within the Early-Diverging Angiosperm Family Nymphaeaceae Based on Chloroplast Phylogenomics

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2018 / Approved: 2 November 2018 / Online: 2 November 2018 (16:20:31 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

He, D.; Gichira, A.W.; Li, Z.; Nzei, J.M.; Guo, Y.; Wang, Q.; Chen, J. Intergeneric Relationships within the Early-Diverging Angiosperm Family Nymphaeaceae Based on Chloroplast Phylogenomics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3780. He, D.; Gichira, A.W.; Li, Z.; Nzei, J.M.; Guo, Y.; Wang, Q.; Chen, J. Intergeneric Relationships within the Early-Diverging Angiosperm Family Nymphaeaceae Based on Chloroplast Phylogenomics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3780.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3780
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19123780

Abstract

The order Nymphaeales, consisting of three families with a record of eight genera, has gained significant interest from botanists probably due to its position as a basal-angiosperm. The phylogenetic relationships within the order have well been studied and resolved; however, a few controversial nodes still remain in the Nymphaeaceae including the position of the genus Nuphar. The position of the genus Nuphar and the monophyly of the Nymphaeaceae family remain uncertain. This study adds to the increasing number of completely sequenced plastid genomes of the Nymphaeales and applies large chloroplast gene data set in reconstructing the intergeneric relationships within the Nymphaeaceae. Five complete chloroplast genomes were newly generated, including a first one for the monotypic genus Euryale. Using a set of 66 protein coding genes from the chloroplast genomes of 17 taxa, the phylogenetic position of Nuphar was determined and a monophyletic Nymphaeaceae family was obtained with a convincing statistical support from both partitioned and unpartitioned data schemes. Although genomic comparative analyses revealed a high degree of synteny among the chloroplast genomes of the ancient angiosperms, key minor variations were evident particularly in the contraction/expansion of the Inverted Repeat regions and in RNA editing events. Genome structure, gene content and arrangement were highly conserved among the chloroplast genomes.

Subject Areas

basal angiosperms; chloroplast; comparative genomics; Nymphaeales; Nymphaeaceae; phylogenomics; water lily

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