Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An ARDL Approach to Check the Linkage Between Economic Growth, Electricity Access, Energy Use and Population Growth in Pakistan: Long-run and Short-run Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 1 November 2018 / Approved: 2 November 2018 / Online: 2 November 2018 (15:00:06 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 8 November 2018 / Approved: 8 November 2018 / Online: 8 November 2018 (10:32:08 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rehman, A.; Deyuan, Z. Investigating the Linkage between Economic Growth, Electricity Access, Energy Use, and Population Growth in Pakistan. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2442. Rehman, A.; Deyuan, Z. Investigating the Linkage between Economic Growth, Electricity Access, Energy Use, and Population Growth in Pakistan. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2442.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2442
DOI: 10.3390/app8122442

Abstract

The major aim of this study was to investigate and explores the linkage between economic growth, electricity access, energy use and population growth in Pakistan. To check the variables stationarity, Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron unit root test was applied and an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach to co-integration was applied to investigate the dynamic causality link among the study variables. These tests shed light on the long-run connection among the variables; further, the results revealed that electricity access to population, electricity access to urban population, energy usage, population growth, and urban population growth had a significant impact on economic growth, while the electricity access to rural population and rural population growth has a negative impact on the economic growth in Pakistan. According to these findings, study commends that government of Pakistan pay further attention to increase its electricity production from different sources including, hydroelectric, solar, oil and gas and nuclear in order to fulfill the country’s demands. By using ARDL bounds testing approach, this study filled the literature gap regarding economic growth, electricity access, energy use and population growth in Pakistan.

Subject Areas

economic growth; electricity access, energy production, population growth; ARDL

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