Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Upscaling Urban Recycled Water Schemes: an Analysis of the Presence of Required Governance Conditions in the City of Sabadell (Spain)

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2018 / Approved: 18 October 2018 / Online: 18 October 2018 (16:34:29 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pinyol Alberich, J.; Mukhtarov, F.; Dieperink, C.; Driessen, P.; Broekman, A. Upscaling Urban Recycled Water Schemes: An Analysis of the Presence of Required Governance Conditions in the City of Sabadell (Spain). Water 2019, 11, 11. Pinyol Alberich, J.; Mukhtarov, F.; Dieperink, C.; Driessen, P.; Broekman, A. Upscaling Urban Recycled Water Schemes: An Analysis of the Presence of Required Governance Conditions in the City of Sabadell (Spain). Water 2019, 11, 11.

Journal reference: Water 2018, 11, 11
DOI: 10.3390/w11010011

Abstract

Cleaning wastewater and using it again for secondary purposes is a measure to address water scarcity in urban areas. However, upscaling of recycled water schemes is challenging due to the possible emergence of various barriers. Based on a review of the governance literature we suggest that a set of five governance conditions is necessary for a successful upscaling of recycled water schemes; (1) policy leadership, (2) policy coordination, (3) availability of financial resources, (4) awareness of a problem, and (5) the presence of a public forum. In order to elaborate on the practical relevance of these conditions we studied a recycled water scheme currently being upscaled in Sabadell, Spain. We reviewed policy documents, conducted a set of 21 semi-structured interviews, and attended two policy meetings about the subject. Our results suggest that Sabadell meets the required conditions for upscaling reused water to a certain extent. However, the presence of a public forum is lacking. We discuss the implications of the absence of the venue and procedures for public participation in Sabadell and how it could be strengthened. Following this discussion, we conclude with some lessons for other cities that plan to upscale their recycled water schemes.

Subject Areas

Water recycle; upscaling; water governance; water availability; climate change adaptation

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