Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me Nutrition Survey Databases to Explore the Development of Food Labeling Portion Sizes for the European Union

Version 1 : Received: 17 October 2018 / Approved: 18 October 2018 / Online: 18 October 2018 (04:09:45 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Gibney, M.J.; O’Sullivan, A.; Flynn, A.; Walton, J.; Daniel, H.; Manios, Y.; Martinez, A.; Saris, W.H.M.; Gibney, E.R.; Uzhova, I. Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me Nutrition Survey Databases to Explore the Development of Food Labelling Portion Sizes for the European Union. Nutrients 2019, 11, 6. Gibney, M.J.; O’Sullivan, A.; Flynn, A.; Walton, J.; Daniel, H.; Manios, Y.; Martinez, A.; Saris, W.H.M.; Gibney, E.R.; Uzhova, I. Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me Nutrition Survey Databases to Explore the Development of Food Labelling Portion Sizes for the European Union. Nutrients 2019, 11, 6.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2018, 11, 6
DOI: 10.3390/nu11010006

Abstract

The present study set out to explore the option of developing food portion size for nutritional labelling purposes using two European Union (EU) dietary surveys. The surveys were selected as they differed in (a) methodologies (food diary v food frequency questionnaire), (b) populations (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey: NANS) versus a seven-country based on the pan EU study Food4Me), (c) food quantification (multiple options v, solely photographic album) and (d) duration (4 consecutive days v recent month). Using data from these studies, portion size was determined for 15 test foods, where portion size was defined as the median intake of a target food when consumed. The median values of the portion sizes derived from both the NANS and Food4Me surveys were correlated (r = 0.823; P<0.00) and the mean of the two survey data sets were compared to US values from the Recognized as Customarily Consumed (RACC) database. There was very strong agreement across all food categories between the averaged EU and the US portion size (r = 0.947; P<0.00). It is concluded that notwithstanding the variety of approaches used for dietary survey data in the EU, the present data supports using a standardized approach to food portion size quantification for food labelling in the EU.

Subject Areas

food labeling; portion size; RACC; NANS; Food4Me

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