Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Structural, Magnetic and Mossbauer studies of Transition metal doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 intermetallic compounds (TM=Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn)

Version 1 : Received: 3 October 2018 / Approved: 4 October 2018 / Online: 4 October 2018 (14:16:01 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 5 October 2018 / Approved: 5 October 2018 / Online: 5 October 2018 (11:59:42 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Dahal, J.N.; Ali, K.S.S.; Mishra, S.R.; Alam, J. Structural, Magnetic, and Mössbauer Studies of Transition Metal-Doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 Intermetallic Compounds (TM = Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn). Magnetochemistry 2018, 4, 54. Dahal, J.N.; Ali, K.S.S.; Mishra, S.R.; Alam, J. Structural, Magnetic, and Mössbauer Studies of Transition Metal-Doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 Intermetallic Compounds (TM = Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn). Magnetochemistry 2018, 4, 54.

Journal reference: Magnetochemistry 2018, 4, 54
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry4040054

Abstract

The effect of transition metal substitution for Fe and the structural and magnetic properties of Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 (TM=Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) compounds were investigated. Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction indicates that all the samples crystallize in the hexagonal Th2Ni17 structure. The lattice parameters: a, c and unit cell volume show TM ionic radii dependence. Both Ga and TM atoms show preferred site occupancy for 12j and 12k sites. The saturation magnetization at maximum room temperature was observed for Co, Ni, and Cu of 69, 73, and 77 emu/g, respectively while minimum value was observed for Zn (62emu/g) doping Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5. Highest Curie temperature of 590 K was observed for Cu doping which is 15% and 5% and thesehigher than Gd2Fe17 and Gd2Fe16Ga compounds, respectively. The hyperfine parameters viz. hyperfine field and isomer shift, show systematic dependence on the TM atomic number. The observed magnetic and Curie temperature behavior in Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 is explained on the basis of Fe(3d)-TM(3d) hybridization. The superior Curie temperature and magnetization value of Co, Ni, and Cu doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 compounds as compared to pure Gd2Fe17 or Gd2Fe16Ga makes Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 a potential candidate for high-temperature industrial magnet applications.

Subject Areas

Permanent magnetic materials, 2:17 intermetallics, Mossbauer Spectroscopy, Curie temperature, X-ray diffraction, Rietveld analysis

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