Marques, A.; Klemme, S.; Houben, A. Evolution of Plant B Chromosome Enriched Sequences. Genes2018, 9, 515.
Marques, A.; Klemme, S.; Houben, A. Evolution of Plant B Chromosome Enriched Sequences. Genes 2018, 9, 515.
B chromosomes are supernumerary chromosomes which are found in addition to the normal standard chromosomes (A chromosomes). B chromosomes are well known to accumulate several types of repeats. Although the evolution of B chromosomes has been subject of numerous studies, the mechanisms of accumulation and evolution of repetitive sequences is not fully understood. Recently, new genomic approaches have shed light on the origin and accumulation of different classes of repetitive sequences in the process of B chromosome formation and evolution. Here we discuss the impact of repetitive sequences accumulation on the evolution of plant B chromosomes.
B chromosome; satellite DNA; mobile element; organelle DNA; chromosome evolution
BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences
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