Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hydrogen Peroxide and Redox Regulation of Development

Version 1 : Received: 19 September 2018 / Approved: 19 September 2018 / Online: 19 September 2018 (21:42:44 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rampon, C.; Volovitch, M.; Joliot, A.; Vriz, S. Hydrogen Peroxide and Redox Regulation of Developments. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 159. Rampon, C.; Volovitch, M.; Joliot, A.; Vriz, S. Hydrogen Peroxide and Redox Regulation of Developments. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 159.

Journal reference: Antioxidants 2018, 7, 159
DOI: 10.3390/antiox7110159

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), which were originally classified as exclusively deleterious compounds, have gained increasing interest in the recent years given their action as bona fide signalling molecules. The main target of ROS action is the reversible oxidation of cysteines, leading to the formation of disulfide bonds, which modulate protein conformation and activity. ROS endowed with signalling properties are mainly produced by NADPH oxidases at the plasma membrane, but their action also involves a complex machinery of multiple redox-sensitive protein families that differs in their subcellular localization and their activity. Given that the levels and distribution of ROS are highly dynamic in part due to their limited stability, the development of various fluorescent ROS sensors, some of which are quantitative (ratiometric), represents a clear breakthrough in the field and have been adapted to both ex vivo and in vivo applications. The physiological implication of ROS signalling will be presented mainly in the frame of morphogenetics processes, embryogenesis, regeneration, and stem cell differentiation. Gain and loss of function as well as pharmacological strategies have demonstrated the wide but specific requirement of ROS signalling at multiple stages of these processes and its intricate relationship with other well-known signalling pathways.

Subject Areas

H2O2, redox signalling, development, regeneration, adult stem cells, metazoan

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