Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Extreme Learning Machine Approach to Effective Energy Disaggregation

Version 1 : Received: 31 August 2018 / Approved: 31 August 2018 / Online: 31 August 2018 (15:44:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Salerno, V.M.; Rabbeni, G. An Extreme Learning Machine Approach to Effective Energy Disaggregation. Electronics 2018, 7, 235. Salerno, V.M.; Rabbeni, G. An Extreme Learning Machine Approach to Effective Energy Disaggregation. Electronics 2018, 7, 235.


Power disaggregation aims at determining the appliance-by-appliance electricity consumption leveraging upon a single meter only, which measures the entire power demand. Data-driven procedures based on Factorial Hidden Markov Models have been proven remarkable results on energy disaggregation. Nevertheless, those procedures have various weaknesses: there is a scalability problem as the number of devices to observe raises and the algorithmic complexity of the inference step is severe. DNN architectures, such as Convolutional Neural Networks, have demonstrated to be a viable solution to deal with FHMMs shortcomings. Nonetheless, there are two significant limitations: a complicated and time-consuming training system based on back-propagation has to be employed to estimates the neural architecture parameters, and large amounts of training data covering as many operation conditions as possible need to be collected to attain top performances. In this work, we aim to overcome those limitations by leveraging upon the unique and useful characteristics of the extreme learning machine technique, which is based on a collection of randomly chosen hidden units and analytically defined output weights. Experiment evaluation has been conducted using the UK-DALE corpus. We find that the suggested approach achieves similar performances to recently proposed ANN-based methods and outperforms FHMMs. Besides, our solution generalises well to unseen houses.


Non-intrusive Load Monitoring; Machine Learning; Deep Modeling; Extreme Learning Machine; Data Driven Approach.


Engineering, Energy and Fuel Technology

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