Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Preparation of Hierarchically Porous Graphitic Carbon Spheres and Their Applications in Supercapacitors and Dye Adsorption

Version 1 : Received: 23 July 2018 / Approved: 23 July 2018 / Online: 23 July 2018 (11:47:13 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Li, S.; Li, F.; Wang, J.; Tian, L.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, S. Preparation of Hierarchically Porous Graphitic Carbon Spheres and Their Applications in Supercapacitors and Dye Adsorption. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 625. Li, S.; Li, F.; Wang, J.; Tian, L.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, S. Preparation of Hierarchically Porous Graphitic Carbon Spheres and Their Applications in Supercapacitors and Dye Adsorption. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 625.

Journal reference: Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 625
DOI: 10.3390/nano8080625

Abstract

Hierarchical micro-/mesoporous graphitic carbon spheres (HGCS) with a uniform diameter of ~0.35 μm were synthesized by Fe-catalyzed graphitization of amorphous carbon spheres resultant from hydrothermal carbonization. The HGCS resultant from 3 h at 900 °C with 1.0 wt% Fe catalyst had high graphitization degree and surface area as high as 564 m2/g. They also exhibited high specific capacitance of 140 F/g at 0.2 A/g, good electrochemical stability with 94% capacitance retention after consecutive 2500 cycles. The graphitization degree of the HGCS contributed about 60% of their specific capacitance, and their specific capacitance per unit surface area was as high as 0.2 F/m2 which was much higher than in the most cases of porous amorphous carbon materials reported before. In addition, the HGCS showed a high adsorption capacity of 182.8 mg/g for methylene blue (MB), which was 12 times as high as that in the case of carbon spheres before graphitization.

Subject Areas

graphitic carbon spheres; catalytic graphitization; hierarchical pores; supercapacitors; dye adsorption

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