Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Flavonoids as Putative epi-modulators: Insights into their Binding Mode with BRD4 Bromodomain using Molecular Docking and Dynamics.

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2018 / Approved: 14 July 2018 / Online: 14 July 2018 (17:45:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Prieto-Martínez, F.D.; Medina-Franco, J.L. Flavonoids as Putative Epi-Modulators: Insight into Their Binding Mode with BRD4 Bromodomains Using Molecular Docking and Dynamics. Biomolecules 2018, 8, 61. Prieto-Martínez, F.D.; Medina-Franco, J.L. Flavonoids as Putative Epi-Modulators: Insight into Their Binding Mode with BRD4 Bromodomains Using Molecular Docking and Dynamics. Biomolecules 2018, 8, 61.

Journal reference: Biomolecules 2018, 8, 61
DOI: 10.3390/biom8030061

Abstract

Flavonoids are widely recognized as natural polydrugs, given their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, sedative and antineoplastic activities. Recently, different studies have shown that flavonoid have the potential to inhibit BET bromodomains. Previous reports suggest that flavonoids are putative inhibitors of the ZA channel due to their orientation and interactions with P86, V87, L92, L94 and N140. Herein, a comprehensive characterization of the binding mode of the biflavonoid amentoflavone and fisetin is discussed. To this end, both compounds were docked with BRD4 using four docking programs. Results were post-processed with protein-ligand interaction fingerprints. To gain further insights into the binding mode of the two natural products, docking results were further analyzed with molecular dynamics. Results showed that amentoflavone makes numerous contacts in the ZA channel, as previously described for flavonoids and kinase inhibitors. It was also found that amentoflavone can potentially make contacts with non-canonical residues for BET inhibition. Most of these contacts were not observed with fisetin. Based on these results, amentoflavone was tested for BRD4 inhibition, showing activity in the micromolar range. This work may serve as basis for scaffold optimization and further characterization of flavonoids as BET inhibitors.

Subject Areas

docking; epigenetics; epi-informatics; molecular interactions; molecular dynamics; natural products; flavonoids

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