Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Surface Response Methodology-Based Mixture Design to Study the Influence of Polyol Blend Composition on Polyurethanes Properties

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2018 / Approved: 2 July 2018 / Online: 2 July 2018 (12:52:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Arévalo-Alquichire, S.; Morales-Gonzalez, M.; Diaz, L.E.; Valero, M.F. Surface Response Methodology-Based Mixture Design to Study the Influence of Polyol Blend Composition on Polyurethanes’ Properties. Molecules 2018, 23, 1942. Arévalo-Alquichire, S.; Morales-Gonzalez, M.; Diaz, L.E.; Valero, M.F. Surface Response Methodology-Based Mixture Design to Study the Influence of Polyol Blend Composition on Polyurethanes’ Properties. Molecules 2018, 23, 1942.

Journal reference: Molecules 2018, 23, 1942
DOI: 10.3390/molecules23081942

Abstract

Polyurethanes are materials with a strong structure-property relationship. The goal of this research was to study the effect of a polyol blend composition of polyurethanes on its properties using a mixture design and setting mathematic models for each property. Water absorption, hydrolytic degradation, contact angle, tensile stretch, hardness and modulus were studied. Additionally, Thermal stability was studied by thermogravimetric analysis. Area under the curve was used to evaluate the effect of polyol blend composition on thermal stability and kinetics of water absorption and hydrolytic degradation. Least squares were used to calculate the regression coefficients. Models for the properties were significant, and lack of fit was not (P<0.05). Fit statistics suggest both good fitting and prediction. Water absorption, hydrolytic degradation and contact angle were mediated by the hydrophilic nature of the polyols. Tensile strength, modulus and hardness could be regulated by the molecular weight and hydroxyl index of the polyols. Regression of DTG curves from thermal analysis showed improvement of thermal stability with the increase of PCL and PE. An ANOVA test of the model terms demonstrated that three component effects on bulk properties like water absorption, hydrolytic degradation, hardness, tensile strength and modulus, and the PEG*PCL interaction with the contact angle, which is a surface property. Mixture design application allowed for an understanding of the structure-property relationship through mathematic models.     

Subject Areas

polyurethane; polyol; Mixture design; Design of experiment; structure-properties relationship

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