Preprint Communication Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Neurogenic Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Graphene-Polycaprolactone Hybrid Nanofibers

Version 1 : Received: 27 June 2018 / Approved: 27 June 2018 / Online: 27 June 2018 (15:53:18 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Seonwoo, H.; Jang, K.-J.; Lee, D.; Park, S.; Lee, M.; Park, S.; Lim, K.-T.; Kim, J.; Chung, J.H. Neurogenic Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Graphene-Polycaprolactone Hybrid Nanofibers. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 554. Seonwoo, H.; Jang, K.-J.; Lee, D.; Park, S.; Lee, M.; Park, S.; Lim, K.-T.; Kim, J.; Chung, J.H. Neurogenic Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Graphene-Polycaprolactone Hybrid Nanofibers. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 554.

Journal reference: Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 554
DOI: 10.3390/nano8070554

Abstract

Stem cells derived from dental tissues—dental stem cells—are flavored due to their easy acquisition. Among them, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) extracted from the dental pulp have many advantages such as high proliferation and highly purified population. Although their ability for neurogenic differentiation has been highlighted and neurogenic differentiation using electrospun nanofibers (NFs) has been performed, graphene-incorporated NFs have never been applied for DPSC neurogenic differentiation. Here reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-polycaprolactone (PCL) hybrid electrospun NFs were developed and applied for enhanced neurogenesis of DPSCs. First, RGO-PCL NFs were fabricated by electrospinning with incorporation of RGO and alignments, and their chemical and morphological characteristics were evaluated. Furthermore, in vitro NF properties such as influence on the cellular alignments and cell viability of DPSCs were also analyzed. The influences of NFs on DPSCs neurogenesis was also analyzed. The results confirmed that an appropriate concentration of RGO promoted better DPSC neurogenesis. Furthermore, the use of random NFs facilitated contiguous junctions of differentiated cells, whereas the use of aligned NFs facilitated aligned junction of differentiated cells along the direction of NF alignments. Our findings showed that RGO-PCL NFs can be a useful tool for DPSC neurogenesis, which will help regeneration in neurodegenerative and neurodefective diseases.

Subject Areas

alignments, dental pulp stem cells, nanofiber, neurogenesis, reduced graphene oxide

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