Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effects of Acute Hypoxic Provocation on Autonomic Nervous System in Young “Healthy” Smokers Measured by Heart Rate Variability

Version 1 : Received: 19 June 2018 / Approved: 20 June 2018 / Online: 20 June 2018 (15:38:52 CEST)

How to cite: Taralov, Z.; Dimov, P.; Terziyski, K.; Marinov, B.; Topolov, M.; Kostianev, S. Effects of Acute Hypoxic Provocation on Autonomic Nervous System in Young “Healthy” Smokers Measured by Heart Rate Variability. Preprints 2018, 2018060325 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0325.v1). Taralov, Z.; Dimov, P.; Terziyski, K.; Marinov, B.; Topolov, M.; Kostianev, S. Effects of Acute Hypoxic Provocation on Autonomic Nervous System in Young “Healthy” Smokers Measured by Heart Rate Variability. Preprints 2018, 2018060325 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0325.v1).

Abstract

Background and objectives: Smoking leads to autonomic dysfunction. However, the clinical methods for diagnosing this dysfunction are not sufficient. Since exogenous hypoxia leads to changes in the autonomic cardiac control, the aim of our study was to compare the activity of the autonomic nervous system via heart rate variability (HRV) in young “healthy” smokers and non-smokers before, during and after a short-term exogenous hypoxic exposure. Methods: Twenty-one healthy non-smoking males aged 28.0±7.4 (mean±SD) and fourteen healthy smoking males aged 28.1±4.3 with 9.2±5.6 pack-years were subjected to one-hour hypoxic exposure (FiО2=12.3±1.5%) via hypoxicator (AltiPro 8850 Summit+, Altitude Tech, Canada) with simultaneous recording of electrocardiography and pulse oximetry. HRV data was derived via specific software (Kubios HRV, Finland) by analyzing the pre-hypoxic, hypoxic and post-hypoxic periods. Results: Standard deviation of the intervals between normal beats (SDNN) was higher in non-smokers in the pre-hypoxic period (62.0±32.1 vs 40.3±16.2, p=0.013) but not in hypoxia (75.7±34.8 vs 57.9±18.3, p=0.167). When comparing intragroup HRV changes of shifting from hypoxic to post-hypoxic (normoxic) conditions we found that there is a significant increase in the root mean square of successive RR interval differences (RMSSD) (65.9±40.2 vs 75.1±45.9, p=0.011) and in the high frequency (lnHF) (6.8±1.4 vs 7.2±1.3, p=0.014) and a decrease in LF/HF (3.0±2.3 vs 1.9±1.5, p<0.001), but these changes were observed only in the group of non-smokers. Conclusions: Smoking likely impairs autonomic regulation in young healthy males and may lead to a decreased HRV even before subjective clinical signs and symptoms. Hypoxic exposure test could be applied in clinical practice for early detection of autonomic dysfunction in smokers, because their parasympathetic reactivation is blunted when shifting from hypoxic to normoxic ambient conditions measured by HRV.

Subject Areas

heart rate variability, smoking, hypoxia, autonomic dysfunction

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