Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

New Methodology for Rapid Formation and Prevention of Advanced Glycation end Products (AGEs) In Vitro Coupled with the Hypoxanthine/Xanthine Oxidase Assay System

Version 1 : Received: 27 May 2018 / Approved: 28 May 2018 / Online: 28 May 2018 (13:28:19 CEST)

How to cite: Marques, S.; Trevisan, T.; Maia, C.; Breuer, A.; Owen, R. New Methodology for Rapid Formation and Prevention of Advanced Glycation end Products (AGEs) In Vitro Coupled with the Hypoxanthine/Xanthine Oxidase Assay System. Preprints 2018, 2018050409 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0409.v1). Marques, S.; Trevisan, T.; Maia, C.; Breuer, A.; Owen, R. New Methodology for Rapid Formation and Prevention of Advanced Glycation end Products (AGEs) In Vitro Coupled with the Hypoxanthine/Xanthine Oxidase Assay System. Preprints 2018, 2018050409 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0409.v1).

Abstract

Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) represent a set of substances that contribute directly to the triggering and/or aggravation of pathologies associated with ageing. AGEs are produced by the reaction between reducing sugars (or α-dicarbonyl compounds) proteins and amino acid residues. Current methodologies require an incubation period of 1-3 weeks to generate AGEs. In this study the reaction time for the formation of AGEs (48 and 3 hours) is significantly reduced by coupling and adapting procedures already existing in the literature to the free radical generation system called the hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase assay. The capacity of different classes and chemical compounds (aminoguanidine, chlorogenic acid, rutin, extracts of Hancornia speciosa Gomes) were evaluated to inhibit the protein glycation process, acting as capturing agents of α-dicarbonyl species. Aminoguanidine, rutin and the leaf extracts of Hancornia speciosa Gomes show a high capacity to act as α-dicarbonyl compound scavengers (RCS-trapping) and resulting in the inhibition of AGEs formation.

Subject Areas

advanced glycation end products; glyoxal; hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase; methyl glyoxal; RCS-trapping

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