Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Performance Study of Massive MIMO Heterogeneous Networks with Ricean/Rayleigh Fading

Version 1 : Received: 3 May 2018 / Approved: 3 May 2018 / Online: 3 May 2018 (12:15:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Nyarko, J.K.N.; Mbom, C.A. A Performance Study of Massive MIMO Heterogeneous Networks with Ricean/Rayleigh Fading. Electronics 2018, 7, 79. Nyarko, J.K.N.; Mbom, C.A. A Performance Study of Massive MIMO Heterogeneous Networks with Ricean/Rayleigh Fading. Electronics 2018, 7, 79.

Journal reference: Electronics 2018, 7, 79
DOI: 10.3390/electronics7060079

Abstract

The unprecedented demand for services and applications, coupled with large network architecture calls for a radical melioration in evolving wireless networks. Massive multiple-input and multiple-out (massive MIMO) systems, small cell networks (SCN) and Heterogeneous networks (HetNet) are envisioned to meet the new quality of service (QoS) objectives of evolving networks. In this paper, we investigate massive MIMO with HetNet, where the intended macro BS signal follows Ricean fading and interfering Femto BS signals follow Rayleigh fading. Subject to the Ricean assumption, strong line-of-sight (LOS) channel exists in the coverage area, when the high power macro BS is mounted at a high altitude. Then, by exploiting matrix and stochastic geometric tools, we evaluate the signal-to-interference (SIR). And obtain QOS objectives: coverage and outage probabilities, and area spectral efficiency (ASE). Further, we investigate the role of multiple antenna system in improving the SIR. This involves massive MIMO beamforming coordination of the macro BSs through power control with max-min optimization for users at the cell-edge. Numerical results show that the coverage and outage performance converge for different user locations, pathloss and Ricean factor. Also, the monotonic increase in Ricean factor improves the SIR of a user located within coverage region. That is, a user is in an outage at a distance where the Ricean factor is very small. And, optimal macro BS antennas and Ricean factor that achieve the ASE performance guarantee a rate-fairness between the cooperating macrocells, and avoid strong Ricean channel correlation. The performance gain is dependent on Ricean factor and user location, but independent of cell size.

Subject Areas

Massive MIMO; Ricean Fading; Beamforming; Stochastic Process; Heterogeneous Network; Interference Coordination; Spectral Efficiency

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