Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of a Fabric Phase Sorptive Extraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet Detection Method for the Analysis of Phenyltin Compounds in Environmental Water and Canned Food Samples

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2018 / Approved: 24 April 2018 / Online: 24 April 2018 (07:45:23 CEST)

How to cite: N/A, H.; Malik, A.K.; Kabir, A.; Furton, K.G. Development of a Fabric Phase Sorptive Extraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet Detection Method for the Analysis of Phenyltin Compounds in Environmental Water and Canned Food Samples. Preprints 2018, 2018040309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0309.v1). N/A, H.; Malik, A.K.; Kabir, A.; Furton, K.G. Development of a Fabric Phase Sorptive Extraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet Detection Method for the Analysis of Phenyltin Compounds in Environmental Water and Canned Food Samples. Preprints 2018, 2018040309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0309.v1).

Abstract

This paper reports a novel fabric phase sorptive extraction-high performance liquid chromatography-ultra violet detection (FPSE-HPLC-UV) method for the simultaneous extraction and analysis of four phenyltin derivatives that include triphenyltin hydroxide, triphenyltin acetate, triphenyltin chloride and tetraphenyltin in environmental water (agricultural waste water and municipal waste water) and canned food samples. The selected analytes were well resolved by Waters Nova pack C18 column (3.9 x 150 mm, 4 µm particle size) in isocratic elution mode within 15 minutes. The new microextraction media has been analytically evaluated using phenyltin derivatives as model compounds. The factors affecting the extraction efficiency of FPSE have been evaluated and the optimum extraction conditions were determined. Under these optimum conditions, the limits of detection (LODs) for sol-gel C18 coated fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE) media in combination with HPLC-UV for the analysis of the phenyltin derivatives were in the range of 10-100 ng/mL with high precision (low relative standard deviation) at 10 ng/mL concentration with good absolute recoveries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first FPSE extraction procedure applied to environmental water and canned food samples for the simultaneous determination of phenyltin derivatives and could be readily adopted as a rapid and robust green analytical tool for routine environmental and food analytical laboratories.

Subject Areas

phenyltin derivatives; tetraphenyltin; triphenyltin chloride; triphenyltin acetate; triphenyltin hydroxide; fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

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