Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection of Ni, Fe, and Cr Released in Saliva after Prefabricated Metal Crown Placement in Children

Version 1 : Received: 17 April 2018 / Approved: 18 April 2018 / Online: 18 April 2018 (08:38:25 CEST)

How to cite: Hernández-Martínez, C.T.; Morales-Luckie, R.A.; Robles-Berme, N.L.; Jiménez-Gayosso, S.I.; Ramírez-Cardona, M.; García-Hernández, V.; Lara-Carrillo, E.; Medina-Solís, C.E. Detection of Ni, Fe, and Cr Released in Saliva after Prefabricated Metal Crown Placement in Children. Preprints 2018, 2018040236 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0236.v1). Hernández-Martínez, C.T.; Morales-Luckie, R.A.; Robles-Berme, N.L.; Jiménez-Gayosso, S.I.; Ramírez-Cardona, M.; García-Hernández, V.; Lara-Carrillo, E.; Medina-Solís, C.E. Detection of Ni, Fe, and Cr Released in Saliva after Prefabricated Metal Crown Placement in Children. Preprints 2018, 2018040236 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0236.v1).

Abstract

Dental caries is a public health problem worldwide according to WHO data. Among treatments in pediatric dentistry, prefabricated metal crowns (PMCs) have been one of the most successful options since they were introduced in cases of considerable tooth destruction. Our objective was to detect the presence and concentration of iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni) in saliva of patients who require rehabilitation with PMCs, before and after their placement. A quasi-experimental study was performed in 32 patients who attended dental care in a pediatric dentistry clinic at a public university and who required rehabilitation with PMCs. Parametric tests (ANOVA and Pearson correlation) were performed, and a p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Statistically significant differences were found when comparing the Ni release before, 1 week, and 1 month after placing the crowns. Similarly, we observed a positive correlation between the number of crowns and Ni release. No tests were performed for Fe and Cr because the amounts of these metals were less than 0.1 ppb, which was not detectable by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The levels of Fe, Cr, and Ni released were below toxic health levels. Studies are required to evaluate whether this release has negative effects at cellular levels.

Subject Areas

prefabricated metal crowns (PMCs); nickel (Ni); chromium (Cr); iron (Fe); ion release

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