Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Transformation to Conservation Agriculture Shows Reduced Soil CO2 Emissions and Improved Soil Aggregate Stability in the First Season in Rain-Fed Areas in India

Version 1 : Received: 9 April 2018 / Approved: 10 April 2018 / Online: 10 April 2018 (06:30:15 CEST)

How to cite: Karbin, S.; Alikhani, H.A..; Sahu, P.; Mogare, B.; Mitra, B.; Viswakarma, S.; Singh, J.; Mahajan, R.; Malviya, S.; Badole, P.; Patidar, N.; Kassam, A. Transformation to Conservation Agriculture Shows Reduced Soil CO2 Emissions and Improved Soil Aggregate Stability in the First Season in Rain-Fed Areas in India. Preprints 2018, 2018040111 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0111.v1). Karbin, S.; Alikhani, H.A..; Sahu, P.; Mogare, B.; Mitra, B.; Viswakarma, S.; Singh, J.; Mahajan, R.; Malviya, S.; Badole, P.; Patidar, N.; Kassam, A. Transformation to Conservation Agriculture Shows Reduced Soil CO2 Emissions and Improved Soil Aggregate Stability in the First Season in Rain-Fed Areas in India. Preprints 2018, 2018040111 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0111.v1).

Abstract

Conservation Agriculture (CA) is capable of improving soil health and ecosystem functions. Soil carbon sequestration is one of the ecosystem processes that is of importance in sustainable land management involving reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change. In this study, we wanted to determine, during the first year of the process of establishing a CA cropping system in rain-fed areas in Madhya Pradesh state of India, which soil health indicators show measurable signs of improvement. Four field trials were selected, each comprising two neighboring plots. One plot (15×15 m) was managed conventionally under farmer practice and was tilled before sowing seeds, and in the adjacent plot Conservation Agriculture practices were applied. No mineral fertilizers or pesticides were applied in both treatments. Soil health indicators of soil aggregate stability, soil-atmosphere CO2 fluxes, water infiltration, soil moisture, potentially mineralizable nitrogen, soil organic content and bulk density were measured. Results demonstrate that soil CO2 emissions in CA soils decreased and soil aggregates stability improved in the first year. Generally, in CA soils, there were measurable improvements in all soil health indicators but  only some of them were statistically significant.

Subject Areas

conservation agriculture; greenhouse gases; soil health

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