Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Key for Identification of the Ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of European Russia and Russian Caucasus (Native and Alien Species)

Version 1 : Received: 10 March 2018 / Approved: 12 March 2018 / Online: 12 March 2018 (06:54:21 CET)

How to cite: Bienkowski, A.O. Key for Identification of the Ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of European Russia and Russian Caucasus (Native and Alien Species). Preprints 2018, 2018030083 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0083.v1). Bienkowski, A.O. Key for Identification of the Ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of European Russia and Russian Caucasus (Native and Alien Species). Preprints 2018, 2018030083 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0083.v1).

Abstract

Although ladybirds of European Russia and the Caucasus have been the subject of numerous ecological and faunistic investigations, there is an evident lack of appropriate identification key for them. All previous keys have been published in Russian. The most modern key was published more than 50 years ago and included only about 60 % of species. Guides for identification of Coccinellidae of other countries are not appropriate for European Russia, since do not include many species occurring in the regions. New, original key to subfamilies, genera, and species of ladybirds (Coccinellidae) of the European Russia and Russian Caucasus is presented. All native species recorded in the region and all alien species introduced to this region are included. Some species from the adjacent regions are added. In total, 110 species are keyed and illustrated with line drawings. Photographs of rare and endemic species are provided. Information on the distribution of species within the region under consideration is provided. Synonymy of Chilocorus kuwanae with Ch. renipustulatus is presented and discussed.

Subject Areas

ladybeetles; guide for identification; aborigenous species; introduced species

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