Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sense of Safety and Planning and Design Policies

Version 1 : Received: 26 February 2018 / Approved: 26 February 2018 / Online: 26 February 2018 (12:07:42 CET)

How to cite: Ratnayake, R.; Wickramaarachchi, N.; Rudner, J.. Sense of Safety and Planning and Design Policies. Preprints 2018, 2018020167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0167.v1). Ratnayake, R.; Wickramaarachchi, N.; Rudner, J.. Sense of Safety and Planning and Design Policies. Preprints 2018, 2018020167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0167.v1).

Abstract

Planning, development and design policies influence sense of safety of people touse the City centre or Central Business District (CBD) and therefore city centres can becomeactive and vibrant during the day and night. This paper reviews past and present planningpolicies relevant for feeling of personal safety in the context of housing, retail, amenities,street infrastructure, building design and transportation aspects. The past development trendsshow that insignificant attention has been paid to people's sense of safety when using publicspaces, particularly at night, a factor identified important in creating attractive city centressince 1960s. Local plans primarily refer to safety in relation to roads, accessibility andworkability. Local policies also show the dominance of CCTV since the 1990s has becomeubiquitous, but changes to sense of safety in urban spaces now may actually be a betterreflection of planning and design decisions made over the past 20 years.

Subject Areas

CBD; planning and design policies; sense of safety

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