Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cold and Heat Stress Diversely Alters Both Cauliflower Respiration and Distinct Mitochondrial Proteins Including OXPHOS Components and Matrix Enzymes

Version 1 : Received: 29 January 2018 / Approved: 30 January 2018 / Online: 30 January 2018 (10:31:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rurek, M.; Czołpińska, M.; Pawłowski, T.A.; Krzesiński, W.; Spiżewski, T. Cold and Heat Stress Diversely Alter Both Cauliflower Respiration and Distinct Mitochondrial Proteins Including OXPHOS Components and Matrix Enzymes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 877. Rurek, M.; Czołpińska, M.; Pawłowski, T.A.; Krzesiński, W.; Spiżewski, T. Cold and Heat Stress Diversely Alter Both Cauliflower Respiration and Distinct Mitochondrial Proteins Including OXPHOS Components and Matrix Enzymes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 877.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 877
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19030877

Abstract

Complex proteomic and physiological approaches to study cold and heat stress responses in plant mitochondria are still limited. Variations in the mitochondrial proteome of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) curds after cold and heat and after stress recovery were assayed by 2D PAGE in relation to respiratory parameters. Quantitative analysis of the mitochondrial proteome revealed numerous stress-affected protein spots. In cold alternative oxidase isoforms were extensively upregulated; major downregulations in the level of photorespiratory enzymes, porine isoforms, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and some low-abundant proteins were observed. On the contrary, distinct proteins, including carbohydrate metabolism enzymes, heat-shock proteins, translation, protein import, and OXPHOS components were involved in heat response and recovery. Few metabolic regulations were suggested. Cauliflower plants appeared less susceptible to heat; closed stomata in heat stress resulted in moderate photosynthetic, but only minor respiratory impairments, however photosystem II performance was unaffected. Decreased photorespiration corresponded with proteomic alterations in cold. Our results show that cold and heat stress not only operate in diverse mode (exemplified by cold-specific accumulation of some heat shock proteins), but exert some associations on molecular and physiological levels. This implies more complex model of action of investigated stresses on plant mitochondria.

Subject Areas

cold stress; heat stress; stress recovery; mitochondria; proteomics; respiration; Brassica; angiosperms

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