Preprint Article Version 3 This version is not peer-reviewed

Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles

Version 1 : Received: 4 January 2018 / Approved: 7 January 2018 / Online: 7 January 2018 (12:10:42 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 22 February 2018 / Approved: 22 February 2018 / Online: 22 February 2018 (06:55:56 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 19 April 2018 / Approved: 19 April 2018 / Online: 19 April 2018 (10:41:36 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 29 July 2018 / Approved: 30 July 2018 / Online: 30 July 2018 (08:54:54 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ali, M.; Lin, I-N.; Yeh, C.–J. Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles. Nano 2018, 13, 1850109. DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096 Ali, M.; Lin, I-N.; Yeh, C.–J. Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles. Nano 2018, 13, 1850109. DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096

Journal reference: NANO 2018, 13, 1850109
DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096

Abstract

Developing particles of different geometric anisotropic shapes are the hot topic since decades as they guarantee some special features of properties not possible through other means. Again, controlling atoms to develop certain size and shape particle is a quite challenging job. In this study, gold particles of different shapes are developed via pulse-based electronphoton-solution interface process. Here, it is discussed that gold atoms under certain transition state amalgamated at solution surface to develop monolayer assembly around the light glow of electrons and photons, which is known in plasma, generating through flowing argon gas copper capillary, which is known in cathode. The rate of uplifting gold atoms to solution surface is controlled under the fixed optimized entrance of forced energy electron streams and photons of high forcing energy. Uplifting gold atoms dissociated on dissociation of precursor under the dissipating heat energy resulted by propagating photonic current through graphite rod immersed in the solution, which is known in anode. On the other hand, packets of nano shape energy resulted by the controlled tuned pulse protocol developing tiny particles of own shape by binding transition state atoms of compact monolayer assembly. At solution surface, adjusting atoms of monolayer tiny particle into one-dimensional arrays under the disconcerted lateral forces following by their elongation under uniformly exerted opposite poles forces. This results into convert them in a structure of smooth elements where adjacently placed electrons and those in the outer rings of elongated atoms inter-connecting side-to-side by introducing orientational-based stretching of clamped energy knots. Tiny sized particles developed their atoms of one-dimensional arrays in structure of smooth elements exert an immersing force at favorable side tips and where many such tiny particles around the light glow work as one unit for each case resulting into pack by inter-connecting at inside their common point to nucleate the shape of certain particle. Depending on the development zone of such tiny sized particles and their amount of simultaneous packing under naturally maintained orientations develop their different geometric anisotropic shaped particles. At fixed precursor concentration, increasing the process time results into develop particles of low aspect ratio. Under tuned parameters, developing mechanisms of particles of high aspect ratio exhibiting unprecedented features are discussed.

Subject Areas

fundamental and applied physics; process parameters; force-energy; anisotropic particles; one-dimensional particles; three-dimensional particles

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