Preprint Article Version 4 This version is not peer-reviewed

Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles

Version 1 : Received: 4 January 2018 / Approved: 7 January 2018 / Online: 7 January 2018 (12:10:42 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 22 February 2018 / Approved: 22 February 2018 / Online: 22 February 2018 (06:55:56 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 19 April 2018 / Approved: 19 April 2018 / Online: 19 April 2018 (10:41:36 CEST)
Version 4 : Received: 29 July 2018 / Approved: 30 July 2018 / Online: 30 July 2018 (08:54:54 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ali, M.; Lin, I-N.; Yeh, C.–J. Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles. Nano 2018, 13, 1850109. DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096 Ali, M.; Lin, I-N.; Yeh, C.–J. Predictor Packing in Developing Unprecedented Shaped Colloidal Particles. Nano 2018, 13, 1850109. DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096

Journal reference: NANO 2018, 13, 1850109
DOI: 10.1142/S1793292018501096

Abstract

Developing particles of different anisotropic shapes are the hot topic since decades as they guarantee some special features of properties not possible through other means. Again, controlling atoms to develop certain size and shape particle is a quite challenging job. In this study, gold particles of different shapes are developed via pulse-based electronphoton-solution interface process. Gold atoms of certain transition state develop monolayer assembly at solution surface around the light glow (known in argon plasma) being generated at bottom of copper capillary (known in cathode). The rate of uplifting gold atoms to solution surface is being controlled by forcing energy (travelling photons) pursuing electrons and high energy photons (in high density) entering to solution. Gold atoms dissociated from the precursor under dissipating heat energy into the solution supplied under propagating photons characteristic current through immersed graphite rod (known in anode). Placing packets of nano shape energy of tuned pulse protocol over compact monolayer assembly comprising transition state atoms develop tiny-sized particles of formed shape. On separation of joint tiny particles into two equilateral triangular-shaped tiny particles, exerting forces of surface format elongate atoms of one-dimensional arrays converting them into structures of smooth elements. Due to immersing level of force, such tiny-shaped particles pack from different zones at centre of light glow where they assembled structures of smooth elements for developing mono-layers of different shapes of particles. Developing one-dimensional particles deal assembling of structures of smooth elements of packing tiny-shaped particles from nearly rearward zones of reflection of north-south poles, whereas, developing multi-dimensional particles deal assembling of structures of smooth elements of packing tiny-shaped particles from the east-west poles and near regions. Depending on the number of assembled structures of smooth elements at point of nucleation, packing of tiny-shaped particles from different zones develop different shapes of the anisotropic particles. At fixed precursor concentration, increasing the process time results into develop particles of low aspect ratio. Under tuned parameters, developing mechanisms of particles exhibiting unprecedented features are discussed.

Subject Areas

fundamental forces; transition state gold atoms; packing and assembling; process parameters; one-dimensional particles; multi-dimensional particles

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